Timeline: Bahrain after the BICI

On 23rd November 2011, the King of Bahrain stood before the world and admitted mistakes had been made by his Government and that reforms would now follow, after a 6 month review by the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry.

Since then the Government has claimed to have made many wide sweeping changes, whilst on the ground opposition activists say nothing has changed. The below timeline aims to show the key events that have happened in Bahrain with regards to human rights and political issues since the BICI report. It will be updated on a weekly basis and is a collaborative effort so we urge readers to be in touch to add anything that we failed to mention.

2011:

            • 23rd November – Date of BICI publication

            • 23rd November – Abdulnabi Al Aqel killed after being run over by police vehicle
            • 3rd December – Many arrested during attack on Ashura processions
            • 7th December – Zahra Saleh killed being hit with a metal rod in the head
            • 11th December – 6 day old baby killed by tear gas
            • 15th December – Ali Al Qassab killed after being run over by police
            • 17th December – Ali Almowali killed by tear gas
            • 23rd December – Security forces attack HQ of Al Wefaq

            • 31st December – 15 years old Sayed Hashim Saeed killed after being shot at close range by tear gas canister

 2012:

              • 1st January – Funeral of Sayed Hashim Saeed brutally attacked. Read Al Jazeera report here
              • 3rd January – Fakhriya Jassim Al Sakran killed by tear gas
              • 6th January – Human Rights Defender Nabeel Rajab hospitalized and briefly detained  Read BBC report here
              • 8th January – Richard Sollom of Physicians for Human Rights denied entry to Bahrain.
              • 13th January – Yousif Al Muwali body found dumped on the beach, a few days after being arrested – body showed clear signs of torture as reported by Al Jazeera English after an independent post mortem 
              • 14th January – Salma Mohsen Abbas killed by tear gas
              • 15th January – King announces some minor changes to the constitution – opposition terms the changes as ‘cosmetic’ and doing nothing to address real democratic deficiency
              • 20th January – Yaseen Jassim Al Asfoor and Mohammed Al Khunaizi killed by tear gas
              • 21st January – Mourning procession for Yousif Al Muwali is attacked by pro-government thugs
              • 25th January – Abbas Al Shaikh, Saeed Al Sekri, Muntadhar Fakhr and Mohammed Ebrahim Yacoob killed. Fakhr another victim of torture.
              • 1st February – Zahra’a Al Hawaj and Abdali Abdullah killed by tear gas
              • 6th February – Ali Al Hayki killed by tear gas
              • 12th February – Fatima Salman Al Basri killed by tear gas
              • 14th February – People take to the streets to mark the first anniversary of the uprising. Protesters forcibly prevented from returning to Pearl Square.
              • 17th February – Hussain Al Baqali died after suffering from burns and unable to receive treatment. Mansoor Salman Hasan killed by tear gas.
              • 25th February – Abda Hussain Isa killed by tear gas
              • 29th February – Habeeb Kadhem Al Mulla killed tear gas
              • 3rd March – Sayed Jaffar Al Alawi died after being beaten a couple of weeks earlier
              • 5th March – 6 week old Yahya Yousif Ahmed died after suffering form tear gas during pregnancy
              • 6th March – Sukaina Ali Marhoon killed by tear gas
              • 9th March – Hundreds of thousands of protesters take to the streets in what is described as the biggest protest in Bahrain history.
              • 10th March – Fadhel Al Obaidi killed after being shot at directly to the head with a tear gas canister
              • 17th March – Jaffar Jassim Al Mowali killed by tear gas
              • 18th March – Sabri Mahfood killed by tear gas
              • 23rd March – Abda Ali Abdulhusain killed by tear gas
              • 24th March – Ahmad Abdulnabi Abdulrasool killed by tear gas
              • 28th March – Hassan Almajed killed by tear gas
              • 31st March – Ahmed Ismail, a citizen journalist, killed by thugs with live ammunition, whilst filming a protest. Read this video tribute to him here
              • 5th April – Khadija Mohamed Ali killed by tear gas
              • 13th April – Sayid Mohamed Radhi Al Mahfoodh killed after his car was repeatedly rammed by police vehicle.
              • 20th April – Bahrain Grand Prix begins. Thousands protest at Budaiya Highway to call for a democratically elected government.
              • 21st April – Salah Abbas found dead after having been tortured by riot police. Was found with many signs of torture on body.
              • 6th May – Nabeel Rajab arrested and held for 3 weeks Read BBC Report here
              • 11th May – Mass protest under the banner “The people will not surrender”
              • 18th May – Tens of thousands take to the streets to protest against proposed union between Bahrain and Saudi Arabia.
              • 21st May – Bahrain comes under huge scrutiny at United Nations Universal Periodic Review with many member states, including UK and US criticizes Bahrain’s human rights record.
              • 24th May – Abdulhadi Alkhawaja appears in court in a wheelchair and testifies that he has been tortured whilst in prison
              • 26th May – Minister of Interior threatens legal action against civil society participants of the UPR Our report here
              • 6th June – Nabeel Rajab arrested again, this time detained for 2 weeks.
              • 8th June – Another mass opposition protest along Budaiya Highway. Riot police intervened with tear gas, rubber bullets and stun grenades.
              • 10th June – Home of Sheikh Ali Salman is targeting, with security forces destroying CCTV
              • 13th June – 5-years-old boy is injured after getting shot in the eye whilst selling fish with his Father on the side of the road. He subsequently lost his left eye.
              • 13th June – Peaceful protest in Manama banned
              • 13th June – King visits military and threatens those who criticize the military, in direct reference to speech by Sheikh Ali Salman two days earlier.
              • 14th June – Al Wefaq resigned MP Sayed Hadi Al Musawi is called in for questioning by the Ministry of Interior and released on bail. He is accused of criticizing the Ministry at a press conference a couple of weeks previously. Our report here
              • 14th June – Charges against 9 medics upheld in appeals court. Sentences range between 5 years and 1 month Our statement here
              • 15th June – Authorities ban peaceful opposition protest called for by opposition societies. Security forces forcibly break up those gathering and arrest many including 21-year-old student Zahra Al Sheikh. Her family say she was beaten and forced to strip naked and was filmed. She was released a month later.
              • Zarah Al Sheikh

              • 22nd June – Security forces attempt to assassinate Sheikh Ali Salman and other leading opposition figures as they gather to protest. Ali Almowali remains in ICU until now after being shot in the head, trying to protect Sheikh Ali.
              • 30th June – Peaceful protest in Budaiya Road banned
              • 6th July – Another peaceful protest banned
              • 6th July – Opposition statement describes current situation as an “unannounced state of emergency” Read More here
              • 9th July – Nabeel Rajab arrested by masked gunmen and sentenced to 3 months in prison for tweet
              • 9th July – Opposition party Amal is dissolved by the regime
              • 13th July – 10 opposition rallies banned and repressed by police
              • 13th July – Women attacked whilst showering during house raid
              • 20th July – Opposition parties hold 25 rallies and massive police repression prevents them from happening. Regime militarizes whole country, blocking roads, setting up checkpoints etc.
              • 21st July – Retired Colonel from Ministry of Defense Mohammed Al Zayani is arrested for expressing his opinion.
              • 22nd July – Political detainee in dry dock prison complains of being beaten
              • 26th July – Opposition launches “Gangs of Darkness” campaign to combat constant nighttime house raids.
              • 31st July – Gunmen open fire on group of civilians in Salmabad.
              • 3rd August – Human rights activist Zeinab Al Khawaja is arrested whilst protesting alone Read report here
              • 3rd August – Leading opposition female activist Ahlam Al Kuzaie arrested at airport on the way to human rights conference in Tunisia. On the same day a pregnant woman is injured during a raid on her home in Sanad.
              • 7th August – Minister of Justice invites opposition parties for individual meetings
              • 7th August – 15 policemen charged for mistreating medics
              • 8th August – Al Wefaq issues statement criticizing the meetings and claiming they are not dialogue.
              • 14th August – Court delays verdict of 20 prominent activists until September
              • 15th August – Human rights activist Said Yousif Almuhafda arrested and released a few hours later Read about his detention here
              • 16th August – World outraged as Nabeel Rajab is sentenced to 3 years in prison
              • 17th August – 16-year-old Hussam Al-Haddad killed by police during protests
              • 4th September – Bahrain uphelds sentences against 13 opposition leaders, drawing condemnation from Governments and the international community as a whole.
              • 7th September – Protesters defy ban to march on the capital city Manama. Attacked with tear gas.
              • 9th September – Minister of Justice says Al Wefaq “working against the country”. Pro-Government movement openly attacks Al Wefaq.
              • 17th September – Bahrain puts 7 police officers on trial for torture and mistreatment
              • 19th September – Bahrain tells UN Human Rights Council it will implement most recommendations of Universal Periodic Review
              • 22nd September – 29 arrested for involvement in demonstrations.
              • 28th September – Another mass rally in Bahrain demands freedom and democracy
              • 28th September – 17 year old Ali Hussein Ne’ema killed by police after being shot at from point blank range. Riot police suppress mourning marches.
              • 1st October – Sentences against 9 medics upheld in appeals process. BBC Article by Frank Gardner
              • 2nd October – Mohammed Mushaima dies in prison whilst serving 7 year sentence for joining protest. He suffered from sickle cell and had not received appropriate treatment. A few days before his death he asked to be moved to a facility that could treat him properly but was refused.
              • 2nd October – Charged medics detained and imprisoned including Dr. Ali Alekry to serve 5 years in prison.
              • 2nd October – Zeinab Alkhawaja released from prison, claims she was beaten just before release.
              • 5th October – Protesters attacked with water cannons and tear gas. AP article
              • 6th October – Nabeel Rajab begins hunger strike
              • 8th October – Court rejects Nabeel Rajab release request, pending appeal
              • 12th October – More suppression of rallies as people try to protest in Manama
              • 13th October – Sheikh Ali Salman summoned by MOI to answer questions on his trip to Egypt
              • 14th October – King opens parlament with speech that slams foreign interference, suggests dialogue and wants to criminalise “violence”.
              • 18th October – Policeman killed in Aleker Village.
              • 19th October – Aleker village besieged by security forces. Access in and out denied for first few days and later limited. Mass arrests, house raids and more in 7 day long siege.
              • 21st October – Sentences given to persecuted teachers Jalila Al Salman (6 months), Mahdi Abudeeb (5 years).
              • 22nd October – 4 men arrested for criticising King on Twitter.
              • 30th October – Bahrain takes decision to blanket ban all opposition protests.
              • 2nd November – Online activist sentenced to 6 months for tweeting.
              • 3rd November – Said Yousif Almuhafdah detained, released 10 days later.
              • 6th November – 31 opposition figures have their citizenships revoked, including 2 former MP’s, Jawad Fairouz and Jalal Fairouz.
              • 7th November – Jalila Al Salman arrested to serve remainder of her 6 month sentence.
              • 7th November – Opposition societies announce “Declaration of Non-Violence” declaring commitment to a peaceful movement
              • 9th November – Worshippers forcibly denied from reaching Friday prayers. Read full report from Al Wefaq here
              • 9th November – 16-year-old Ali Al Rahdi killed after being chased by police and running into a highway, during attack on worshippers.
              • 10th November – National Guard deployed onto the streets of Bahrain.
              • 14th November – Khalil Almarzooq, leading figure in Al Wefaq called into questioning by Ministry of Interior over interview with Al Mayadeen news channel.
              • 20th November – Beginning of month of Muharram, security forces attack religious displays, question leading clerics and use tear gas on many religious processions.
              • 21st November – 23 medics sentenced to 3 months in prison.
              • 28th November – Leaders from Amal Society sentenced to lengthy prison terms
              • 28th November – 27 year old Munira Alsayed Habib arrested during violent house raid
              • 30th November – News comes out of “siege” on Mahazza Village that had been ongoing for more than 2 weeks. Read more via BCHR
              • 1st December – A number of re-built mosques are newly demolished by Government Forces
              • 4th December – 19 year old shot directly in face by police, whilst being arrested from his car. Remains in critical condition until now (12-12-12)
              • 7th December – Mass rally of opposition societies attended by thousands in Freedom Square, close to Manama.
              • 7th December – Crown Prince makes speech calling for dialogue with opposition.
              • 8th December – Opposition societies issue statement “welcoming” the call of the Crown Prince.
              • 9th December – Zeinab Alkhawaja arrested whilst trying to visit injured protester in hospital
              • 10th December – Zeinab Alkhawaja sentenced to 1 month in prison
              • 11th December – Nabeel Rajab appeal maintains 2 year sentence (reduced from 3 years).
              • 14th December- Tens of thousands of people march in Bahrain in “we want democracy” protest
              • Minister of State for Information Affairs Samira Rajab says opposition “misused” calls for dialogue
              • 16th December – King makes speech, says he respects liberties, no offer of dialogue
              • 16th December – Protests during Kings’ speech attacked by police
              • 17th December – Martyrs day protests brutally attacked. 27 arrested including Said Yousif Almuhafdah from BCHR
              • 20th December – Mansour Ali Al Qattan dies after his home attacked with tear gas.
              • 24th December – Police officer caught on camera slapping a man holding a child
              • 29th December – Photojournalist Ahmed Humaidan is abducted by police whilst in a shopping mall. Remains detained until today

2013:

              • 2nd Janury – Major crackdown across 40 areas against protests, using tear gas, checkpoints and other weaponry.
              • 7th January – Appeals of 13 opposition figures rejected.
              • 8th January – 8-year-old suspended from school for allegedly chanting political slogans.
              • 13th January – Elderly man Habib Abdullah dies after his home is exposed to critical amounts of tear gas.
              • 15th January – Court of appeals upholds 15-month prison sentence against resigned MP Jawad Fairouz.
              • 20th January – Dismissed municipal councillors have appeal rejected by Cassation Court
              • 21st January – Manama militarized to stop protests. Many arrests made, including young girl at the hands of more than half a dozen police officers.
              • 21st January – Royal directive announces resuming of national consensus dialogue
              • 25th January – More than 40 arrested during protests in Manama
              • 27th January – 8-year-old Qassim Habib Marzooq dies after deadly tear gas on his home.
              • 31st January – 8 medics dismissed by Ministry of Health
              • 1st February – Daily protests for two weeks announced by opposition societies to mark 2nd anniversary of uprising.
              • 3rd February – More protests in Manama brutally repressed with checkpoints, weapons, tear gas and more
              • 6th February – Ma’amer village comes under heavy attack with night time raids by riot police and arrests including of children.
              • 10th February – First session of dialogue takes place with opposition attending. No agenda agreed but it is announced there will be 2 sessions per week.
              • 13th February – Mass protests erupt to mark second anniversary of uprising
              • 13th February – 36 year old woman Ameena Sayed Mahdi Sayed Abdullha, dies from health complications are home is tear gassed.
              • 14th February – 16-year-old Hussain Aljaziri dies after being shot at directly with bird shot gun by riot police. Mass protests erupt across Bahrain during the day, with clashes with police.
              • 15th February – More mass protests throughout the day
              • 16th February – Attacks on funeral of Hussain Aljaziri
              • 22nd February – 20-year-old Mahmoud Aljaziri dies one week after being shot at in the head with a tear gas canister.
              • 22nd February – Dr. Kristian Coates-Ulrichsen, London based academic, is denied entry to UAE with authorities citing his opinions on Bahrain.
              • 23rd February – Two injuries from reported live gun shots by civilian militias
              • 24th February – Two police officers acquitted for the killing of Issa Abdul Hasan who died in February 2011.
              • 24th February – 64-year-old man Haji Majeed arrested, days after appearing in opposition music video
              • 27th February – 2 more police officers acquitted of killing protester, this time Fadhel Matrook who also died in the beginning of the crackdown in 2011.
              • 27th February – 7 men sentenced to 10 years in prison each, for alleged attempted murder of police officer
              • 27th February – Zeinab Alkhawaja sentenced to 3 months in prison for insulting a public official
              • 28th February – Human rights Watch release damning report on Bahrain, saying there has no progress on reforms. http://www.hrw.org/news/2013/02/28/bahrain-no-progress-reform
              • 3th March – Previously jailed teacher and trade unionist, Jalila Al Salman, is dismissed from working under the Ministry of Education.
              • 5th March – After 11 days the body of Mahmoud Aljaziri is released for burial.
              • 7th March – Haji Majeed sentenced to 4 months in prison.
              • 7th March – Funeral for Mahmoud Aljaziri takes place, with attempts to stop mourners
              • 10th March – Sheikh Hussain Aldaihi, Deputy Secretary General of Al Wefaq, called for questioning being accused of defaming the Spokesperson of the Government.
              • 11th March – Charges against Said Yousif Almuhafdah dropped
              • 11th March – Crown Prince appointed First Deputy Prime Minister
              • 11th March – Human Rights First Director Brian Dooley denied entry to Bahrain
              • 13th March – 5 police officers acquitted for killing Zakraiya Alasheeri
              • 14th March – Mass protests mark 2nd anniversary of GCC troops entering Bahrain. Dozens of injuries and arrests reported.
              • 19th March – 17 men sentenced to 15 years in prison each, relating to accusations of attempted murder of 4 police men.
              • 23rd March – Police attack protests in solidarity with Nabeel Rajab
              • 24th March – Zeinab and Abdulhadi Alkhawaja begin hunger strike to protest against treatment in prison
              • 26th March – Jaffar Jassim Abu Abbas dies 7 days after being admitted to hospital for tear gas asphyxiation.